What is a civil proceeding?
A civil proceeding begins where a claim (lawsuit) is initiated by one party against another where there is a dispute, with the purpose of having the Court decide the rights and remedies as between them, in matters relating to and including torts, contracts, real property, and family law. In cases of civil claims brought for or against the Government, the Court will be asked to decide the rights and remedies where the dispute concerns torts, contracts, public and administrative law, including judicial review, and constitutional law. As such, the Litigation Department is required to competently represent the Government where civil proceedings are initiated for or against it. Where civil proceedings are initiated for or against the Government, the Crown Counsel assigned to the Litigation Unit of the Attorney General’s Ministry will act as legal representative for the Government, as required by section 2(1) of the Law Officers Act , Chapter 26 of the Substantive Laws of Belize, Revised Edition 2020.